Alternative Curriculum Perspectives: Implications for Teachers’ Curriculum Development in Taiwan

Ruth Thomas
Ruth Thomas
Luyi Lien

所屬期刊: 第1卷第2期 「教育政策與制度」
教育學院 秦夢群院長
系統編號: vol002_09
主題: 課程與教學
出版年份: 2005
作者: Ruth Thomas
作者(英文): Ruth Thomas
Luyi Lien
論文名稱: 另類架構課程觀點:應用與支持台灣教師的課程發展
論文名稱(英文): Alternative Curriculum Perspectives: Implications for Teachers’ Curriculum Development in Taiwan
最高學歷: 博士班
校院名稱: 美國明尼蘇達大學
系所名稱: 課程與教學研究所
語文別: 英文稿
論文頁數: 27
中文關鍵字: 課程;師資培育;教育改革
英文關鍵字: curriculum; teacher education; education reform
稿件字數: 11000
作者專長: 課程與教學;家庭教育
投稿日期: 2005/04/01
論文下載: pdf檔案icon
摘要(中文): 台灣教改,賦予老師創造新課程的任務跟責任。學校本位的課程取向,使教師和學校面臨了新的挑戰,同時也給予老師們專業成長和發展的機會。結合老師、學校和社區共同進行課程發展,被認為可以設計出符合學生興趣的課程。
摘要(英文): Educational reform over the past decade in Taiwan has created new curricular tasks and responsibilities for teachers. The decentralization of curriculum to a school-based development approach has created both new challenges for teachers and schools as well as new opportunities for teachers to grow and develop as professionals and for schools and communities to work together in the formation of curriculum that is deemed appropriate for students. Teacher education, likewise, has new responsibilities, since teachers previously have not needed to be prepared for the kinds of curricular responsibilities they now have. In the past, teacher education could focus on providing teachers with knowledge and skills that were relevant to the school curriculum that was in place. Now, teacher education is needed that helps teachers develop their capacities for developing curriculum. This article addresses the needs of teachers for guidance and support in their widened curricular responsibilities and the needs of teacher education to provide these in preparing teachers for their new roles.
Three perspectives of curriculum are discussed. These perspectives have histories of varying lengths in formal schooling and one or more of them are reflected in all countries with formal schooling systems. The perspectives represent values and assumptions underlying curriculum and ways of thinking about curriculum. Each perspective is discussed in terms of the ways of thinking and assumptions and values it reflects, roles of teachers and learners, ways of designing curriculum, and its consequences and implications. Examples of curriculum and curriculum design reflecting each perspective are described. An understanding of the curriculum perspectives helps educators and those working with them to create curriculum to consider their own curricular perspectives, values, and priorities. Examining one’s own values and beliefs enables one to be clear about purposes for curriculum that is being developed and ways of designing it that are consistent with those purposes. The likely result from such processes is coherent curriculum that addresses consciously chosen purposes and goals.
The article focuses on use of the three perspectives by teachers and school curriculum committees in developing new curriculum and in evaluating already developed curriculum and curricular materials. It is suggested that one of the perspectives provides an overarching frame within which the other two can be used when appropriate. The perspectives’ usefulness in teacher education for helping current and prospective teachers fulfill their new roles as curriculum decision makers and designers is discussed. Conditions that facilitate and hinder adoption of new perspectives and practices are discussed in relation to this time of curriculum change in Taiwan. It is suggested that along with the challenges that the changes have brought, this is also a time of opportunity to consider new perspectives and possibilities
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