Employing Multimedia Case Studies to Investigate Taiwanese EFL Teachers’ Beliefs about Differentiated Instruction

To-ken Lee

所屬期刊: 第6卷第4期 「測驗與評量」
系統編號: vol023_07
主題: 測驗與評量
出版年份: 2010
作者: 李多耕
作者(英文): To-ken Lee
論文名稱: 利用多媒體個案調查台灣高中英語教師對因材施教之信念
論文名稱(英文): Employing Multimedia Case Studies to Investigate Taiwanese EFL Teachers’ Beliefs about Differentiated Instruction
論文頁數: 44
中文關鍵字: 因材施教教學法;多媒體個案;複現邏輯;師資教育
英文關鍵字: teacher development;multimedia case study;differentiated instruction;replication logic;qualitative study
服務單位: 華梵大學外國語文學系助理教授
稿件字數: 11955
作者專長: 英語教學;文法;寫作及語言習得;筆譯專題
投稿日期: 2010/1/11
論文下載: pdf檔案icon
摘要(中文): 本項研究提供八名於台灣教授英語之國中教師一個多媒體個案。案例
之外,本研究亦藉助複現邏輯(replication logic),來反覆檢驗受測者的個案
摘要(英文): The goals of this research aims to report the advantages of using a multimedia case to help Taiwanese EFL teachers reflect upon their beliefs about best practices of differentiated instructions through employing a multimedia. Numerous studies indicate that multimedia
cases can be powerful platform to promote teacher self-reflection, foster faculty development, and demonstrate model. A total of eight EFL middle school teachers in Taiwan were presented with a multimedia case, featuring a teacher’s struggle with students’
performances on standardized tests. Each teacher participant was invited to answer a 15-item questionnaire by writing a short essay. Using the content analysis method, teacher essay responses were analyzed to explore Taiwanese teachers’ thoughts about case-method
teaching and learning—the primary mechanism to generate data collection in this study.
In addition, replication logic was used to see whether there were common salient issues represented in participants’ answers. The results showed that multimedia case study can be a valuable medium for EFL teachers to reflect upon their effectiveness in the classroom.
Since language learning and language teaching are dynamic processes, the results of the study expect to provide teachers, administers, and policymakers with another perspective to understand teachers’ beliefs and thus reinforce teachers’ effectiveness in the classroom.
參考文獻: Bronack, S. (1998). Analyzing multimedia cases: Teacher development in a web-based environment. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of Virginia.
Calderhead, J. (1983). Research into teachers’ and student teachers’ cognitions: Exploring the nature of classroom practice. Montreal, Canada.
Chi, M. T. H., Bassok, M., Lewis, M. W., Reimann, P., & Glaser R. (1989). Self-explanations:How students study and use examples in learning to solve problems. Cognitive Science, 13, 145-182.
Darling-Hammond, L., & Hammerness, K. (2002). Toward a pedagogy of cases in teacher education. Teaching Education, 13(2), 125-135.
Desrocher, C. & Grimes, J. (2007). Making your 1st class session really first class. Retrieved March 04, 2010, from http://pachyderm.cdl.edu/elixr-stories/1stday-slo/
Dewey, J. (1933). How we think, a restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the educative process. Boston, MA: D.C. Heath.
Doyle, W. (1990). Case methods in the education of teachers. Teacher Education Quarterly, 17, 7-15.
Erickson, F. (1986). Qualitative methods in research on teaching. In M. C. Wittrock (Ed.), Handbook of research on teaching (3rd ed.) (pp. 119-161). New York, NY: Macmillan.
Fink, L. D. (2003) Creating significant learning experiences. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.
Freidus, N. & Hlubinka, M. (2002). Digital storytelling for reflective practice in communities of learners. ACM SIGGROUP Bulletin, 23(2). 24-26
Fletcher, T., Bos, C., & Johnson, L. (1999). Accommodating English language learners with language and learning disabilities in bilingual education classrooms. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 14(2), 80-91.
Gage, N. L., & Berliner, D. C. (1984). Educational psychology (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton: Mifflin.
Gagne, R. M. (1985). The conditions of learning and theory of instruction (4th ed.). New York,NY: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
Gartland, M. A. (2003). Case-method learning online: Influencing teachers’ moral reasoning.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Virginia.
Goodwin, A. L. (2002). The case of one child: Making the shift from personal knowledge of professionally informed practice. Teaching Education, 13(2), 137-154.
Harrington, H. L. (1995). Fostering reasoned decisions: Case-based pedagogy and professional development of teachers. Teaching and Teacher Education, 11, 203-214.
Hutchings, P. (1992). Using cases to talk about teaching. AAHE Bulletin, 44(8), 6-8.
Keller, C. E., & McNergney, R. (1999). Images of mainstreaming: Educating students with disabilities. New York, NY: Garland.
Kessler, L. W. (2005). Investigating teachers’decision-making abilities, in-class behaviors, and
pupils’ academic achievement. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of Virginia.
Kilbane, C. R. (2000). Preservice teachers’ use of multimedia cases.(Unpublished Doctoral
dissertation). University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.
Kleinfeld, J. (1991). Changes in problem solving abilities of students taught through case methods.
Chicago, IL American Education Research Association: AERA.
Lowenthal, P.R., (2008). Online faculty development and storytelling: An unlikely solution to
improving teacher quality. MERLOT Journal of Online Teaching and Learning, 4(3), 349-36
McAnich, A. (1993). Teacher thinking and the case method. New York, NY: Teachers College
Press, Columbia University.
McNeil, Linda M. (2000) Contradictions of School Reform: Educational Costs of Standardized
Testing. New York: Routledge.
McNergney, R., Ducharme, E., & Ducharme, M. (1999). Educating for democracy. Mahwah, NJ:
Lawerence Erlbaum.
McNergney, R., Herbert, J., & Ford, R. (1994). Cooperation and competition in case-based teacher
education. Journal of Teacher Education, 45(5), 339-345.
McNergney, R., & McNergney, J. (2007). Education: The practice and profession of teaching (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson, Allyn, and Bacon.
Merir, D. (2000). Will standards save public education? Boston: Beacon Press.
Merseth, K. (1991). The history of cases methods in teacher education: Insights for teacher education today. Journal of Teacher Education, 42(4), 243-249.
Merseth, K. & ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education. (1996). Cases, case methods, and the professional development of educators. Washington, D.C: ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education.
Mitchem, K., Koury, K., Fizgerald, G., hollingsead, C., Miller, K., Tsai, H.H., & Zha, S. (2009).
The Effects of instructional implementation on learning with interactive multimedia casebased instruction. Teacher Education and Special Education: The Journal of the Teacher Education Division of the Council for Exceptional Children, 32, 297-318.
Paine, L. (1989). Orientation towards diversity: What do prospective teachers bring? East Lansing, MI: National Center for Research on Teacher Education.
Schon, D. (1983). The reflective practitioner: How professionals think in action. New York, NY: Basic Books.
Schon, D. (1987). Educating the reflective practitioner: Toward a new design for teaching and learning in the professions (1st ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Shulman, J. (Ed.). (1992). Case methods in teacher education. New York, NY: Teachers College, Columbia University.
Souza, J. T., Carey, T., McMartin, F., Ambrosina, R., & Grime, J. (2010, February). Using Multimedia Case Stories of Exemplary Teaching for Faculty Development. Retrieved March 3, 2010, from http://elixr.merlot.org/faculty-development-resources?noCache=106:1272339517.
Sudzina, M. R. (1999). Case study applications for teacher education. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Tomlinson, C. A., Brighton, C., Hertberg, H., Callahan, C. M., Moon, T. R., Brimijoin, K., et al.
(2003). Differentiating instruction in response to student readiness, interest, and learning
profile in academically diverse classrooms: A review of literature. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 27(3), 119-145.
Yin, R. K. (2003a). Applications of case study research (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Yin, R. K. (2003b). Case study research: Design and methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.