The Era of American National Curriculum: Inquiry on the Common Core State Standards
|論文名稱(英文)：||The Era of American National Curriculum: Inquiry on the Common Core State Standards|
|英文關鍵字：||Common Core State Standards;common assessment;national curriculum;college and career readiness;anchor standard|
|摘要(英文)：||The first ever Common Core State Standards have been adopted by forty-six states, the District of Columbia, four territories, and the Department of Defense. The standards will affect most of K-12 students in the United States. According to the findings of this research the making factors for the CCSS include the initiative and endorsement of key groups, competitive strategies from Federal government and adopting action from the individual states. Basically, the Standards use College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards to anchor the Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening. The Standards emphasize the importance of text complexity, nonfiction and information text and view that not only language teachers but also content areas’ teachers have shared responsibility for literacy. As for the Math Standards, which are comprised in Standards for Mathematical Practice and Standards for Mathematical Content, they emphasize the principles of Focus, Coherence and Rigor, highlight the importance of both concept understanding and process, and practical application. The Common Assessment will be implemented in 2014 through computer online testing. The influences of the Common Core include: challenging the possibility of National Curriculum, blurring the boundary of education authority between Federal government and the states, emphasizing the accountability of standard management, encouraging education engagement among nonprofit organization, integrating the goal of education system through college and career readiness. The lessons we can draw from CCSS include: the coherence and rigor of K-12 standards, the goals and anchors of college and career readiness, alignment reform with standards and assessment, shared-responsibility for literacy, the model of state/federal cooperation through nonprofit engagement.|
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