The Development and Psychometric Properties of the Dispositional Stress-Resistance Scale

Kuan-Yu Tu;Chia-Ying Weng


所屬期刊: 第9卷第4期 「測驗與評量」
系統編號: vol035_03
主題: 測驗與評量
出版年份: 2013
作者: 涂冠宇;翁嘉英
作者(英文): Kuan-Yu Tu;Chia-Ying Weng
論文名稱: 抗壓性格量表之編製及信度、效度的建立
論文名稱(英文): The Development and Psychometric Properties of the Dispositional Stress-Resistance Scale
論文頁數: 30
中文關鍵字: 堅韌性格;性格彈性量表;抗壓性格量表
英文關鍵字: hardiness;dispositional resilience scale;dispositional stress-resistance scale
服務單位: 衛生福利部臺中醫院臨床心理師;國立中正大學心理學系暨研究所教授
稿件字數: 17878
作者專長: 臨床心理學
投稿日期: 2013/9/16
論文下載: pdf檔案icon
摘要(中文): 本研究旨在發展適用於華人之堅韌性格評估工具,除翻譯15題版的性格彈性量表(Dispositional Resilience Scale,DRS;Bartone, 1995),並依據Kobasa(1979, 1982)對堅韌性格理論的定義,增編題目形成23題抗壓性格量表(Dispositional Stress-resistance Scale,DSS)預試題本。本研究施測DSS預試題本於309名學生樣本,先檢驗DRS中文版之信度,並以結構方程模型(structural equation model,SEM)檢驗測量模式之配適度表現,結果顯示DRS中文版信度與配適度表現不佳。本研究依據DSS預試題本進行選題,保留15題編成DSS正式題本。SEM結果顯示,DSS具有良好的配適度表現且施測於另一個學生的樣本群體(n = 318),信度及配適度表現仍具跨樣本的穩定性。此外,DSS與貝克憂鬱、貝克焦慮、壓力知覺與狀態自尊量表分數的相關性,符合理論預期及過去文獻已證實的方向性關係。綜合上述結果,顯示「抗壓性格量表」具有可接受的信度與效度,為評估華人之堅韌性格之適合測量工具。
摘要(英文): Previous research has shown that the 15-item Dispositional Resilience Scale (DRS-15) is a reliable and valid self-report tool to measure hardiness. However, the Chinese version of DRS-15 did not display acceptable reliability and validity for the Chinese group. The purpose of this study was to develop the Dispositional Stress-resistance Scale (DSS) and evaluate its psychometric properties. First, the DRS-15 was translated to Chinese version and the other 8 items based on definitions of Hardiness were added to create the 23-item item pool. The item pool was administered to 309 college students, and 15 best items were selected by item analysis to form the DSS. The results showed that DSS has good psychometric properties: 1. Adequate and stable internal consistencies, 2. Acceptable model fit, 3. Relations and directions with the other scales (BDI, BAI, PSS, Psychophysical symptoms, Chinese Multidimensional Trait Self-esteem) were consistent with theory and previous literature. The Dispositional Stress-resistance Scale is expected to be an acceptable and efficient tool to assess hardiness in the Chinese group.
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