An Exploration of Factors Affecting the Performance in World Skills Competition and Implications to Taiwan’s Vocational Educational Policy

Nyan-Myau Lyau;Yin Yiing Goh


所屬期刊: 第20卷第1期 主編:國立彰化師範大學教育研究所教授
系統編號: vol076_01
主題: 教育政策與制度
出版年份: 2024
作者: 廖年淼;吳盈瑩
作者(英文): Nyan-Myau Lyau;Yin Yiing Goh
論文名稱: 探討影響世界技能競賽績效因素及對臺灣技職教育政策之啟示
論文名稱(英文): An Exploration of Factors Affecting the Performance in World Skills Competition and Implications to Taiwan’s Vocational Educational Policy
語文別: 中文
論文頁數: 30
中文關鍵字: 世界技能競賽;次級資料分析;臺灣教育政策;技職教育
英文關鍵字: WorldSkills Competitions, secondary data analysis;Taiwan educational policy;vocational education
服務單位: 國立雲林科技大學技術及職業教育研究所教授;國立雲林科技大學技術及職業教育研究所博士生
稿件字數: 19158
投稿日期: 2024/1/13
論文下載: pdf檔案icon
摘要(中文): 本文探討在世界技能競賽中能夠獲得獎牌的國家的決定因素為何,並從四個不
同的變項來探討影響競賽獎牌積分的因素。本研究對象為 55 國參與世界技能競賽
的國家,資料採多元迴歸分析處理。本研究合併 2019 年度世界技能競賽得獎結果、
究與發展占比、人類發展指數、技職學生比例,以及 2019 年世界技能競賽的積分。
摘要(英文): This paper examines the determinants of countries that have won medals in WorldSkills
Competitions, and examines factors that affect medal points in a competition in terms of four
variables. The sample in this study consisted of 55 countries participating in WorldSkills
Competitions, and data analysis was performed using multiple regression analysis. Data was
gathered from three sources, namely the 2019 WorldSkills Competition results, World Bank,
and The United Nations Development Programme, and this data included the value of
industrial production, research and development expenditures, human development index, the
proportion of vocational students, and the results of the WorldSkills Competition 2019.
The results of this study are as follows: (1) A country’s performance in WorldSkills
Competitions (in terms of the number of medal points won) is positively correlated with the
country’s industrial production. (2) A country’s performance in WorldSkills Competitions is
positively correlated with its R&D expenditures. (3) A countrys Human Development Index
(a composite indicator of quality of life) has a positive correlation with its performance in
WorldSkills Competitions during the initial stage, but this turns to a negative correlation after
a certain point. Based on these findings, this study found several implications: Because
vocational high schools are the cradles of technical talent for Taiwan’s industries, vocational
high schools and the content of their curricula should be carefully revised to keep pace with
Taiwans industrial development needs. (2) Training for Taiwan’s young skills competition
competitors should be strengthened by providing more psychological counseling services;
these services should consider both the competitors physical and mental development, and
can enhance their overall quality of life. (3) To meet the industrial technology needs of the
coming artificial intelligence age, training for WorldSkills Competitions should prioritize
those types of occupational skills that can centralize resources and cultivate technical
expertise for future industries.
參考文獻: 方慶豐、廖年淼(2020)。技術人力培育模式檢討與優化策略。臺灣教育研究期刊,

邱琮皓(2024a)。勞工心聲- 資訊與網路技術 薛弘祥。台灣勞工季刊,77(春季
號),54-55。 https://www.mol.gov.tw/media/qn1ph2wj/%E5%8F%B0%E7%81%

邱琮皓(2024b)。勞工心聲-2023 亞洲技能競賽 臺灣得牌No 1。台灣勞工季刊,


平台。2024 年3 月5 日。取自https://sci.me.ntnu.edu.tw/Announcement/

教育部統計處(2024)。高級中等教育高中職學生比查詢。2024 年3 月1 日。取

勞動力發展署技能檢定中心(2023)分區技能競賽。2024 年4 月7 日。取自

勞動力發展署技能檢定中心(2024)亞洲技能競賽。2024 年4 月8 日。取自
勞動力發展署技能檢定中心技能競賽主題網(2024a)歷史簡介。2024 年4 月7 日。

勞動力發展署技能檢定中心技能競賽主題網(2024b)。關於競賽—國際賽。2024 年3 月5 日。取自https://skillsweek.wdasec.gov.tw/skillsweek/about/about/3

2024 年3 月5 日。取自https://skillsweek.wdasec.gov.tw/skillsweek/about/about/3


顏家鈺(2024 年3 月18 日)。台科大校長:技高師培轉型,需要比企業快。天下雜

許維寧(2023 年5 月11 日)。少子化技職體系成退場重災區 恐釀中階技術人才缺

李侑珊(2024 年2 月22 日)。高中生人數超越高職生 15 場說明會引導認識技職

Ahuja, D., & Pandit, D. (2020). Public expenditure and economic growth: Evidence from the developing countries. FIIB Business Review, 9(3), 228-236. https://doi.org/10.1177/2319714520938901

Ali, T., & Khan, S. (2023). Health, education, and economic well-being in China: How do human capital and social interaction influence economic returns. Behavioral Sciences,13(3), 209. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13030209

Araujo, E., Araujo, E., Peres, S. C., & Punzo, L. F. (2021). An investigation into shapes and determinants of deindustrialization processes: Theory and evidence for developed and developing countries (1970-2017). EconomiA, 22(2), 129-143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econ.2021.03.001

Arjun, K., Kumar, S., Sankaran, A., & Das, M. (2021). Open door system and endogenous growth in Indian economy: An empirical analysis on the role of human capital and R&D in explaining industrial productivity. Management and Labour Studies, 46(1), 24-37.

Barro, R. J. (1991). Economic growth in a cross section of countries. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106(2), 407-443. https://doi.org/10.2307/2937943

Becker, G. S. (1964). Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education. University of Chicago Press.

Bell, D. (2004). Post-industrial society. In R. Blom, E. Karvonen, H. Melin, K. Nordenstreng, E. Puoskari, & F. Webster (Eds.), The nformation Society Reader (pp. 86-102). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203622278

Chankseliani, M., James Relly, S., & Laczik, A. (2016). Overcoming vocational prejudice: How can skills competitions improve the attractiveness of vocational education and training in the UK? British Educational Research Journal, 42(4), 582-599. https://doi.org/10.1002/berj.3218

Ciccone, A., & Papaioannou, E. (2006). Adjustment to target capital, finance and growth. In CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5969. Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/publications/dp5969

Department of Skills Development. (2023). Junior Skills Competition (JSR). The Official Portal of Department Skills Development. https://www.dsd.gov.my/index.php/en/skillsmalaysia-bi/pertandingan-peringkat-dunia/pertandingan-junior-skills-jsc

Fuente, A. d. L. (2011). Human Capital and Productivity (Working Papers 530). Barcelona School of Economics.

Gillman, M. (2021). Steps in industrial development through human capital deepening. Economic Modelling, 99, 105470. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2021.02.011

Gupta, K., & Garg, I. (2015). Foreign direct investment and economic growth in India: An econometric approach. Journal of Management Sciences and Technology, 2(3), 6-14.

Hadad, S. (2017). Knowledge economy: Characteristics and dimensions. Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy, 5(2), 203-225. https://doi.org/10.25019/MDKE/5.2.03

He, D., Zheng, M., Cheng, W., Lau, Y.-y., & Yin, Q. (2019). Interaction between higher education outputs and industrial structure evolution: Evidence from Hubei province, China. Sustainability, 11(10), 2923. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102923

He, X., & Mou, D. (2020). Impacts of mineral resources: Evidence from county economies in China. Energy Policy, 136, 111088. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2019.111088

Held, L., & Ott, M. (2018). On p-values and bayes factors. Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application, 5(1), 393-419. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-statistics-031017-100307 Jaiswal, A.,

Arun, C. J., & Varma, A. (2022). Rebooting employees: Upskilling for artificial intelligence in multinational corporations. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 33(6), 1179-1208. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2021.1891114

Keary, T. (2024). Top 10 Countries Leading in AI Research & Technology in 2024. Techopedia. https://www.techopedia.com/top-10-countries-leading-in-ai-research-technology

Klump, R., McAdam, P., & Willman, A. (2007). Factor substitution and factor-augmenting technical progress in the United States: A normalized supply-side system approach. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 89(1), 183-192. https://doi.org/10.1162/rest.89.1.183

Mikhailov, A. M., & Kopylova, A. A. (2019). Interrelation of information and knowledge in the economy of the post-industrial society. SHS Web of Conferences, 62, 01003. https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20196201003

Mouzakitis, G. S. (2010). The role of vocational education and training curricula in economic development. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 3914-3920. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.616

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2010). Higher Education in Regional and City Development: The Autonomous region of Catalonia, Spain. https://www.acup.cat/sites/default/files/catalonia-oecd-report-web-version_3.pdf

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2024). Who We Are. March 5, 2024. Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org/about/

Qin, X., Xu, W., Chen, H. C., Zhong, J., Sun, Y., & Li, X. (2022). Automation, firm employment and skill upgrading: Firm-level evidence from China. Industry and Innovation, 29(9), 1075-1107. https://doi.org/10.1080/13662716.2022.2122411

Ramirez, S., Gallego, J., & Tamayo, M. (2020). Human capital, innovation and productivity in Colombian enterprises: A structural approach using instrumental variables. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 29(6), 625-642. https://doi.org/10.1080/10438599.2019.1664700

Sen, A. (2001). Development as Freedom. Oxford University Press.
Sun, Y., Du, R., Liu, X., & Xu, X. (2023) Regional differences and threshold effects of labor transfer affecting the technical efficiency of China’s agricultural industry: A case study of the apple industry. PLoS ONE, 18(2), e0278348. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0278348

Daily Guide Network (2021, October 14). TVET is key to government industrialisation agenda – Twum-Ampofo. Daily Guide Network. https://dailyguidenetwork.com/tvet-is-key-to-government-industrialisation-agenda-twum-ampofo/#google_vignette

Ulku, H. (2007). R&D, innovation and output: Evidence from OECD and nonOECD countries. Applied Economics, 39(3), 291-307. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036840500439002

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. (2023). Country Classification. December 10, 2023. Retrieved from https://unctadstat.unctad.org/EN/Classifications.html#:~:text=The%20developed%20economies%20broadly%20comprise,as%20Australia%20and%20New%20Zealand

United Nations Development Programme. (2016). Human Development Report 2016. http://report2016.archive.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics. (2020). Secondary Education, Vocational Pupils. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.SEC.ENRL.VO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics. (2023a). Research and Development Expenditure (% of GDP). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/GB.XPD.RSDV.GD.ZS

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics.(2023b). Secondary Education, Pupils. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.SEC.ENRL

Violante, G. L. (2008). Skill-biased technical change. In S. N. Durlauf & L. E. Blume (Eds.), The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95121-5_2388-1

World Bank. (n.d.). Industry (Including Construction), Value Added (Current US$). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NV.IND.TOTL.CD

WorldSkills. (2011a). Member Results Comparison - Comparison by Total Medal Points -WorldSkills London 2011. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://api.worldskills.org/resources/download/2486/2486/3144?l=en

WorldSkills. (2011b). Member Results Comparison - Comparison by Average Medal Points - WorldSkills London 2011. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://api.worldskills.org/resources/download/2484/2484/3142?l=en

WorldSkills. (2013a). Member Results Comparison - Comparison by Total Medal Points - WorldSkills Leipzig 2013. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://api.worldskills.org/resources/download/2388/2388/3046?l=en

WorldSkills. (2013b). Member Results Comparison - Comparison by Average Medal Points - WorldSkills Leipzig 2013. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://api.worldskills.org/resources/download/2386/2386/3044?l=en

WorldSkills. (2015a). Member Results Comparison - Comparison by Total Medal Points -WorldSkills Sao Paulo 2015. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://api.worldskills.org/resources/download/7279/7998/8907?l=en

WorldSkills. (2015b). Member Results Comparison - Comparison by Average Medal Points -WorldSkills Sao Paulo 2015. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://api.worldskills.org/resources/download/7277/7996/8905?l=en

WorldSkills. (2017a). Member Results Comparison - Comparison by Total Medal Points - WorldSkills Abu Dhabi 2017. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://api.worldskills.org/resources/download/8743/9563/10480?l=en

WorldSkills. (2017b). Member Results Comparison - Comparison by Average Medal Points - WorldSkills Abu Dhabi 2017. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://api.worldskills.org/resources/download/8740/9560/10477?l=en

WorldSkills. (2019a). Member Results Comparison - Comparison by Total Medal Points - WorldSkills Kazan 2019. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://api.worldskills.org/resources/download/11359/12543/13462?l=en

WorldSkills. (2019b). Member Results Comparison - Comparison by Average Medal Points -WorldSkills Kazan 2019. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://api.worldskills.org/resources/download/11356/12540/13459?l=en

WorldSkills. (2019c). WorldSkills Results and Reports. September 1, 2023. Retrieved from https://api.worldskills.org/resources/download/11354/12538/13457?l=en

WorldSkills. (2024a). Our Building Blocks. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://worldskills.org/what/

WorldSkills. (2024b). Competitions. March 28, 2024. Retrieved from https://worldskills.org/what/competitions/

WorldSkills Asean. (2023). WorldSkills Juniors. December 20, 2023. Retrieved from https://worldskillsasean.org/2023/whats/worldskills-junior/

WorldSkills Kazan. (2019). WorldSkills Juniors. December 20, 2023. Retrieved from https://worldskills2019.com/en/projects/worldskills-juniors-2019/about/index.html

WorldSkills Russia. (2023). WorldSkills Juniors. December 20, 2023. Retrieved from https://en.worldskills.ru/project/competitions/worldskills-juniors/
hou, G., Chu, G., Li, L., & Meng, L. (2020). The effect of artificial intelligence on China’s labor market. China Economic Journal, 13(1), 24-41. https://doi.org/10.1080/17538963.2019.1681201